Beginner's Weight Training Program
We all know the importance of weight training for muscle maintenance, strength building and balance but unfortunately many of us simply don’t (or won’t) do it. I get it! When I started weight training, I was pretty intimated and a bit insecure about not knowing how to do it right or fearful of looking silly to all those “meatheads” in the gym.
Nowadays, some may actually consider me to be one of those so-called meatheads but my journey to becoming comfortable with weights was one full of trepidation and unease.
For those of you knowing you should include weights in your exercise routine but feel unsure about how to start, this routine is specifically for YOU!
This total-body dumbbell routine is the easiest way to ease into strength training as a newbie.
As I said, you’ve probably heard that you should do strength training workouts. And maybe running a few miles or hopping on a spin bike just fits your personality more. That's fine! But the benefits of strength training are just too good to pass up—and crucial to living a long, healthy, and injury-free life.
"Basic strength training is key to develop a strong muscular foundation," says Joel Freeman, Beachbody Super Trainer and creator of the LIIFT4 program. "Bones gives our body structure, but muscles are what allow us to move and well."
It's not always the most fun or glamorous when you start weight training. But if you do it correctly, then you'll have the strength to really do the things you love, says Freeman. "And most importantly, increasing the amount of muscle in your body also aids in increasing your metabolism, which means you'll burn more calories throughout the day," he says. "That's a win-win."
Ideally, a strength workout should include 8 to 10 exercises targeting the major muscle groups. This total-body routine does exactly that and can be performed a few times a week to maintain and build strength all over.
Start small with your weights, and increase as needed: Choose a weight that's just heavy enough to complete 10 reps, and by that eighth rep, you feel really happy it's almost over. This will ensure you're challenging your muscles so they can grow and get stronger while also burning the max calories in every workout.
Ready to give it a try? Follow along below to get a great strength training workout in that's totally beginner-friendly.
𝗦𝘁𝗿𝗲𝗻𝗴𝘁𝗵 𝗧𝗿𝗮𝗶𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗪𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗕𝗲𝗴𝗶𝗻𝗻𝗲𝗿𝘀
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝗶𝘁 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝘀: Do 2 sets of 10 to 15 reps of each exercise. Repeat it two or three times a week on alternate days.
𝗬𝗼𝘂'𝗹𝗹 𝗻𝗲𝗲𝗱: Two sets of dumbbells (3 to 5 pounds and 8 to 12 pounds) or a set of resistance bands.
𝟭. 𝗗𝗨𝗠𝗕𝗕𝗘𝗟𝗟 𝗖𝗛𝗘𝗦𝗧 𝗣𝗥𝗘𝗦𝗦
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗖𝗵𝗲𝘀𝘁, 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱𝗲𝗿𝘀, 𝘁𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗽𝘀
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Lie on a bench, elbows bent 90 degrees out to sides; straighten arms up and return. Keep the weights centered over the middle of the chest. (Do these on the floor instead of a bench to keep from hyperextending arms below the chest, which can place a lot of stress on your shoulders.)
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: Your chest is one of your largest upper-body muscles, and when it comes to chest training, the chest press reigns supreme. It's a compound movement, meaning that it’s also working your anterior deltoids [the front of your shoulders] and triceps throughout the movement.
𝟮. 𝗢𝗡𝗘-𝗔𝗥𝗠 𝗗𝗨𝗠𝗕𝗕𝗘𝗟𝗟 𝗥𝗢𝗪
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗨𝗽𝗽𝗲𝗿 𝗯𝗮𝗰𝗸
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Stand with legs hip-width apart and place one hand on the bench, opposite arm holding weight below shoulder; draw elbow up toward ribs and lower. Keep back flat and stand with a 45-degree bend at the hips.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: The single-arm dumbbell row is a great compound upper-body movement targeting your upper back, lats, and traps while your biceps and shoulders assist throughout. Standing during this exercise is also a great way to get some extra core work in as well. Just remember that there should be ZERO momentum or swinging—slow and steady wins the muscular race!
𝟯. 𝗕𝗜𝗖𝗘𝗣𝗦 𝗖𝗨𝗥𝗟 💪
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗕𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗽𝘀
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Stand with arms extended in front of thighs and one dumbbell in each hand with palms facing forward. Slowly curl weights toward shoulders, then lower to starting position.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: This is the best isolation exercise for your biceps. The key here is to nix all momentum; don't swing to get the dumbbell up. Think about trying to pin your elbows at your sides and lift the dumbbell up completely with your biceps. Stop at the top before your elbows move away from your sides—meaning if the weights touch your shoulders you've gone too far.
𝟰. 𝗧𝗥𝗜𝗖𝗘𝗣𝗦 𝗘𝗫𝗧𝗘𝗡𝗦𝗜𝗢𝗡
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗧𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗽𝘀
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Stand with legs hip-width apart. Lean forward from the waist, elbows bent 90 degrees at your sides; straighten arms behind you.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: The triceps extension is a great isolation move where you don't need a lot of weight to feel the burn. Similar to the biceps curl, the key here is to think of your elbow as a hinge pinned at your side. The only thing that should be moving is your elbow to straighten your arm, squeezing your triceps at the top and return.
𝟱. 𝗟𝗔𝗧𝗘𝗥𝗔𝗟 𝗥𝗔𝗜𝗦𝗘
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗦𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱𝗲𝗿𝘀
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Stand with arms down by your sides, palms in. Raise straight arms (with pinky leading the way) to shoulder height.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: Well-built lateral delts [the sides of your shoulders] are what give you that nice rounded shoulder look, and the lateral raise is the best exercise to isolate this muscle. Just like any isolation move, it's all about control to execute this move properly.
𝟲. 𝗕𝗔𝗦𝗜𝗖 𝗦𝗤𝗨𝗔𝗧
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗟𝗲𝗴𝘀, 𝗯𝘂𝘁𝘁
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Stand feet a bit wider than hip-distance apart, toes turned slightly out. Keeping weight in the mid-foot and heels (not the toes), sit back and down. Keep knees in line with toes and focus on keeping chest lifted. Lower until thighs are parallel to the floor, if possible.￼
￼𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: Squats have become the more popular of all lower-body exercises, especially if you're looking to grow your glutes! Keep in mind, safety is a must in this exercise to avoid injury, specifically to the lower-back area. If you're newer or returning to exercise, it's often best to start with bodyweight only and focus completely on flexibility and proper form. If you can't go that low without dropping your chest forward, then keep working on your flexibility.
Once your form is on-point, you can start to add weight.
𝟳. 𝗙𝗥𝗢𝗡𝗧 𝗟𝗨𝗡𝗚𝗘
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗟𝗲𝗴𝘀, 𝗯𝘂𝘁𝘁
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Stand with feet together and a dumbbell in each hand by sides. Step forward with the right foot, lowering until both knees form 90-degree angles and back knee is hovering off the ground. Push off the front heel to step back and return to starting position. Repeat on the other side.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: Also great for the legs and booty, lunges can also wreak havoc on your knees if done incorrectly. This is a challenging move and can easily be felt using only bodyweight.
𝟴. 𝗕𝗜𝗖𝗬𝗖𝗟𝗘 𝗧𝗪𝗜𝗦𝗧
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗔𝗯𝘀
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Lie faceup on the floor. Bend opposite elbow to knee, then switch sides.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: Bicycle twists are great to engage multiple areas of your core, especially the obliques. The main error that many people make with this core exercise is pulling on your neck. To avoid this, try placing your fingertips right behind your temples and keep your elbows open, instead of closing them in towards your head. If you do feel any neck strain, it means you're trying to lift higher than your core has the strength to and you're compensating in your neck. Lower your range (meaning: don't try to lift as high off the ground) and slow down your twists instead— You'll still feel it!
𝗠𝘂𝘀𝗰𝗹𝗲𝘀 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸𝗲𝗱: 𝗟𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗿 𝗯𝗮𝗰𝗸, 𝗯𝘂𝘁𝘁
𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗶𝘁: Lie facedown on the floor and lift opposite arm/leg; switch sides. Keep your gaze down to the floor to maintain proper postural alignment.
𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗹𝗱: This is a wonderful lower-back exercise, which is a must to help prevent lower-back injuries. When set up on your stomach, think about planting your toes into the floor and not letting them come off the ground at any time. This will also help you engage more glutes as well. When lifting your chest off the floor, you really don't have to lift very high. Just focus on squeezing your booty as you lift, and you'll also be engaging the lower-back muscles.
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