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There Has Been At Least 1,300 Flu Deaths In The U.S. So Far This Season

Just months into flu season, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that at least 1,300 people have already died from the flu. The deaths of 10 children have been confirmed. The agency estimates there have been at least 2.6 million cases and 23,000 hospitalizations from the virus.

Experts have warned that this season is particularly aggressive because of the early emergence of the influenza B strain, which typically appears toward the end of the season.

Aside from washing hands and avoiding people who are sick, the CDC says itโ€™s key for everyone 6 months and older to get vaccinated. And even if it wonโ€™t prevent all cases of the flu, it will lessen the severity and shorten the duration of flu. Symptoms of the flu can include fever, chills, coughing, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches and fatigue.

If you do have the flu, the good news is that itโ€™s unlikely youโ€™ll also get a cold. Scientists believe that influenza has a negative reaction to rhinovirus, the virus that causes the common cold. Why that happens, though, is still a mystery.

๐—™๐—Ÿ๐—จ ๐—ฉ๐—”๐—–๐—œ๐—ก๐—˜ ๐— ๐—œ๐—ฆ๐—–๐—ข๐—ก๐—–๐—˜๐—ฃ๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก๐—ฆ-

๐—–๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚?

No, flu vaccines cannot cause flu illness. Flu vaccines given with a needle (i.e., flu shots) are currently made in two ways: the vaccine is made either with:

a)ย flu viruses that have been โ€˜inactivatedโ€™ (killed) and are therefore not infectious, or

b)ย using only a single gene from a flu virus (as opposed to the full virus) in order to produce an immune response without causing infection. This is the case for recombinant influenza vaccines.

๐—”๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€?

For the 2019-2020 flu season, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends annual influenza (flu) vaccination for everyone 6 months and older with any licensed, influenza vaccine that is appropriate for the recipientโ€™s age and health status, including inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV), recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV), or live attenuated nasal spray influenza vaccine (LAIV4) with no preference expressed for any one vaccine over another.

๐™๐™๐™š๐™ง๐™š ๐™–๐™ง๐™š ๐™ข๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฎ ๐™ซ๐™–๐™˜๐™˜๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™š ๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™จ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™˜๐™๐™ค๐™ค๐™จ๐™š ๐™›๐™ง๐™ค๐™ข, ๐™—๐™ช๐™ฉ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™ข๐™ค๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ž๐™จ ๐™›๐™ค๐™ง ๐™–๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™ก๐™š 6 ๐™ข๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™๐™จ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ค๐™ก๐™™๐™š๐™ง ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™œ๐™š๐™ฉ ๐™– ๐™›๐™ก๐™ช ๐™ซ๐™–๐™˜๐™˜๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™š ๐™š๐™ซ๐™š๐™ง๐™ฎ ๐™ฎ๐™š๐™–๐™ง. ๐™„๐™› ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช ๐™๐™–๐™ซ๐™š ๐™ฆ๐™ช๐™š๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™จ ๐™–๐™—๐™ค๐™ช๐™ฉ ๐™ฌ๐™๐™ž๐™˜๐™ ๐™ซ๐™–๐™˜๐™˜๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™š ๐™ž๐™จ ๐™—๐™š๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™›๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช, ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ก๐™  ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง ๐™™๐™ค๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ง ๐™๐™š๐™–๐™ก๐™ฉ๐™ ๐™˜๐™–๐™ง๐™š ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ค๐™›๐™š๐™จ๐™จ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก.

๐—œ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ?

No! Flu can be a serious disease, particularly among young children, older adults, and people with certain chronic health conditions, such as asthma, heart disease or diabetes. Any flu infection can carry a risk of serious complications, hospitalization or death, even among otherwise healthy children and adults. Therefore, getting vaccinated is a safer choice than risking illness to obtain immune protection.

๐——๐—ผ ๐—œ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐˜† ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ?

Yes! CDC recommends a yearly flu vaccine for just about everyone 6 months and older, even when the viruses the vaccine protects against have not changed from the previous season. The reason for this is that a personโ€™s immune protection from vaccination declines over time, so an annual vaccination is needed to get the โ€œoptimalโ€ or best protection against the flu.

๐—ช๐—ต๐˜† ๐—ฑ๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—น ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ?

Some people report having mild reactions to flu vaccination. The most common side effects from flu shots are soreness, redness, tenderness or swelling where the shot was given. Low-grade fever, headache and muscle aches also may occur. If these reactions occur, they usually begin soon after the shot and last 1-2 days. In randomized, blinded studies, where some people get inactivated flu shots and others get salt-water shots, the only differences in symptoms was increased soreness in the arm and redness at the injection site among people who got the flu shot. There were no differences in terms of body aches, fever, cough, runny nose or sore throat.

Side effects from the nasal spray flu vaccine may include: runny nose, wheezing, headache, vomiting, muscle aches, fever, sore throat and cough. If these problems occur, they usually begin soon after vaccination and are mild and short-lived. The most common reactions people have to flu vaccines are considerably less severe than the symptoms caused by actual flu illness.

๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ?

Serious allergic reactions to flu vaccines are very rare. If they do occur, it is usually within a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination. While these reactions can be life-threatening, effective treatments are available.

๐—ช๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—น๐—น ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚ ๐˜€๐˜†๐—บ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ผ๐—บ๐˜€?

There are several reasons why someone might get a flu symptoms, even after they have been vaccinated against flu.

One reason is that some people can become ill from other respiratory viruses besides flu such as rhinoviruses, which are associated with the common cold, cause symptoms similar to flu, and also spread and cause illness during the flu season. The flu vaccine only protects against influenza, not other illnesses.

Another explanation is that it is possible to be exposed to influenza viruses, which cause the flu, shortly before getting vaccinated or during the two-week period after vaccination that it takes the body to develop immune protection. This exposure may result in a person becoming ill with flu before protection from the vaccine takes effect.

A third reason why some people may experience flu like symptoms despite getting vaccinated is that they may have been exposed to a flu virus that is very different from the viruses the vaccine is designed to protect against. The ability of a flu vaccine to protect a person depends largely on the similarity or โ€œmatchโ€ between the viruses selected to make the vaccine and those spreading and causing illness. There are many different flu viruses that spread and cause illness among people.

The final explanation for experiencing flu symptoms after vaccination is that the flu vaccine can vary in how well it works and some people who get vaccinated may still get sick.

๐—–๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐˜๐˜„๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—บ๐—บ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐˜†?

In adults, studies have not shown a benefit from getting more than one dose of vaccine during the same influenza season, even among elderly persons with weakened immune systems. Except for some children, only one dose of flu vaccine is recommended each season.

REFERENCES-

Carolyn Bridges et al. (2000). Effectiveness and cost-benefit of influenza vaccination of healthy working adults: A randomized controlled trialexternal icon.

Kristin Nichol et al. (1995). The effectiveness of vaccination against influenza in healthy working adultsexternal icon. New England Journal of Medicine. 333(14): 889-893.

SOURCE:ย CDC.GOV

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